SL Founder/Leader Discovers
The Truth Hurts
International Bolshevik Tendency
8 August 2003
To the Editor:
In the 1 August Workers Vanguard (WV) you announce that the discussion on the Kurdish question initiated by comrade Bruce Andrés polemic two issues earlier is no longer a "legitimate political dispute in the workers movement." It apparently lost its "legitimacy" when it became clear that you were not going to come out on top. In that connection, we note that your 4 July rejoinder (WV No. 806) to our 12 June letter dropped Andrés entire line of argument, while reiterating his conclusion. We take this as a tacit concession that his allegations were indeed nothing more than a "crude textual sleight-of-hand."
Your 4 July piece used entirely different, but equally specious, allegations to smear us as chauvinists. You claim that, "the IBT is against the call for an independent Kurdistan," that we advocate "the chauvinist status quo," fail to give "unambiguous support for the national aspirations of the oppressed" in Kurdistan, and are "opposed" to any attempt by the Kurds to exercise their right to self-determination. These allegations are all completely false. As we have made clear repeatedly, we unconditionally defend the right of the Kurdish people to self-determination, which includes supporting any attempts they make to win their independence and establish a separate state.
We do not, however, currently advocate the slogan of an independent (bourgeois) Kurdistan. Neither, in fact, do you. This is because of the profound difficulties given present circumstances that would beset any attempt to realize such a goal, as we noted a decade ago:
"One of the peculiarities of the Kurdish national question is that it is intertwined with the social question in the states with Kurdish minorities and, through them, in all the states of the Near East. The fight for the freedom of the Kurds requires a common struggle with the Turkish, Persian and Arab working masses. Any serious threat to capitalist rule in Turkey, for example, must inevitably pose the question of the Kurds. The Kurdish struggle for national liberation, on the other hand, could easily spark a wave of upheavals that would shatter the brittle regimes of the region."
As we noted in our 12 June letter, you use even more categorical formulations than we do to rule out the possibility of independence for Kurdistan short of a series of regional revolutionary uprisings. We fully support the perspective of a Kurdish workers state as part of a Socialist Federation of the Middle East, and see this as the most likely means for the Kurdish people to realize their national aspirations. But, as we have stated before, this is something that will ultimately be decided by the Kurds themselves.
In an article entitled "Kurdish Workers in the Iraqi Revolution of 1958-59" (WV No. 370, 11 January 1985), comrade Reuben Samuels recounted how, in 1959 in response to a rightist coup: "The ICP [Iraqi Communist Party which was run from Kurdistan rather than Baghdad] was able to unite Kurd and Arab soldiers against their officers ." If the experience of common class struggle were to result in a dramatic increase in mutual trust among workers on all sides, it seems conceivable that the Kurdish people might wish to modify aspects of the perspective we presently project. The essential point for revolutionaries is that the Kurds have the right to determine their own future.
* * *
The public slapdown of the editorial board in connection with its handling of our 12 June letter (WV No. 807, 1 August) rather caught us by surprise. The recantation confirms our assessment that the publication of a truncated version of our letter constituted an unprecedented (if only implicit) criticism of James Robertson, the groups peerless leader. When comrade Robertson realized what was going on, WVs errant scribes were subjected to a little of the criticism/self-criticism described in the "Obedience Training in the SL" section of "The Road to Jimstown," our 1985 account of how the SL came to be the way it is.
A chastened ed board now feigns outrage that: "The BT smears Robertson with the scurrilous claim that he characterized Kurds as turds." Being false in little things, as in big ones, WV decided not to capitalize "Turds" as it was in the original, to avoid lending credence to what they now claim is a "lying smear" about the SL lider maximo.
For those not present at the time, it may be useful to sketch in a bit of the background to Robertsons remark. In early 1978 the Spartacist League/Britain (SL/B) recruited two Turkish comrades (E and F) as part of a major regroupment from Alan Thornetts Workers Socialist League (WSL). The first issue of Spartacist Britain (April 1978) contained a document reprinted from the WSLs internal bulletin entitled "Enough of opportunism, adventurism, BundismFor a Trotskyist perspective in Turkey," signed by "E and F." Their recruitment presented an important opportunity for the international Spartacist tendency (iSt), but there were concerns about their sensitivity on the Kurdish question, so the SL/B leadership (then headed by Bill Logan) scheduled an educational on Kurdistan. Reuben Samuels, the iSts expert on the national question and the Middle East, was assigned to make the main presentation.
Samuels talk, scheduled for the first weekend of October 1978, was preempted by more dramatic developments. James Robertson, who had decided to topple the Logan regime, used the projected educational weekend as a cover for flying to London, along with various hand-picked associates, to organize a coup. A week after successfully deposing Logan, Robertson was regaling the SLs New York branch with an account of his triumph. In the course of his remarks, which soon appeared in an iSt internal bulletin, Robertson teased Samuels for having been left out of the loop and missing the excitement:
"So, then, the factional opposition started. We hit the meeting on Friday night; it was a plenum of the Central Committee. Too big. It was half the membership. Because the membership was coming in for an educational weekend. Criticism of Reuben: the whole time, where was Reuben? He was off in the library, studying about the Turds for his class. Right? He wasnt playing any role. George and I looked at each other and we said, 'We don't think it's going to be exactly the kind of educational weekend that we had in mind...'. We're going back next month to have the educational. Good educational."
The WV article concedes that Robertson made the remark, but steers clear of any hint as to what it was supposed to mean. WV notes that: "Reuben Samuels, a leading cadre of our international was in London at the time," but does not mention that he had flown in from Toronto specifically to give his talk on the Kurds. Our explanation of what Reuben was studying in the library, previously too hot to touch, is now denounced as both a "contemptible lie" and a demonstration of our supposed chauvinism:
"The BT cries that is a piggish reference to the Kurds. Only in the minds of those genuinely inspired by chauvinism could turds be seen as referring to Kurds!"
No one can accuse the SL of lacking chutzpah! But members of the International Communist League (ICL) and those WV readers whose minds are not "genuinely inspired by chauvinism" are left to work out for themselves what Reubens class could have been about. The SL leaders wisely avoid the subject, knowing that with every new lie they dig themselves into a deeper hole.
On 6 August, a former SL/B member sent us the following unsolicited comment:
As if anticipating that the attempted cover-up may fail, the WV article hints at a second, fallback defense:
"Yet he [Robertson] was never sent a copy of the BT letter including the P.S. Beyond stupid, arrogant and uncomradely, this break in collaboration was an attack on our own revolutionary continuity. The Spartacist League is, and has been from its inception, an organization that says what is, without bowing to petty-bourgeois sensibilities. The actions of the Editorial Board could be borrowed from the practices of centrism, i.e., a divergence between what we stand for and what we do."
Does this mean that not wanting to defend Robertsons grossly offensive comment meant "bowing to petty-bourgeois sensibilities"? We cant say for sure, but we are curious to find out what the SL claims "studying about the Turds" in the British Museum was supposed to mean.
The ed boards mea culpa, which reads like something the peerless leader dictated, fails to explain why the full text of our letter was withheld from him. Was he thought to be too tired and emotional to handle a trip down memory lane? Did the ed board agree among themselves that his remark was so indefensible that it was best simply ignored? Would the founder/leader ever have found out had we not distributed our leaflet at the Socialist Workers Partys (SWP) "Marxism" event in London? We do not know, but if comrade Robertson learns to log on to the internet for himself, in future he will be able to check our website like everyone else.
Unwilling, or perhaps unable, to provide any explanation for Robertsons remark, WV fills two and a half pages with recycled material from "What is the IBT?", a 1995 "own goal" polemic so lame that even Jan Norden and his Internationalist Group, who like to pretend the SL had a faultless record prior to their own excommunication in 1996, have little enthusiasm for it. WV readers who plow through the pastiche of stock slanders against the IBT in general, and comrade Logan in particular, can find a detailed, documented refutation in our Trotskyist Bulletin No. 5.
The hysterical tone of the WV article may well be seen by readers unfamiliar with the SL as evidence that it does indeed operate in a cultish manneri.e., that the central organizing principle is that founder/leader Robertson can never be wrong (unless he says so). The conclusion of the screed recalls the 1973 pronouncements of Lyndon LaRouche (then known as Lynn Marcus) when he was winding up his devotees for their "Operation Mop Up" vendetta against the Communist Party:
Having failed to pin the charge of chauvinism on us, the SL tops now squeal that by revealing one moment in the decline of the Spartacist tendency, we are seeking to "destroy the nucleus of the indispensable Leninist vanguard" (i.e., Robertsons claim to infallibility).
This is not the first time the ICL leadership has sought to seal off its members from our Trotskyist criticism by slander and hysteria. In the SLs very first polemic against us, "Notes on the External Tendency," published in SL Internal Bulletin No. 40, August 1983, Al Nelson, Robertsons longest-serving lieutenant, wrote, "The ETs ought to inspire fanatical hatred in iSt members ."
During the first "fanatical hatred" campaign, the SL returned our donations to their defense campaigns, and generally treated us as Gerry Healy used to treat his leftist opponents. (See 1917 No. 3 "Defend Workers Democracy!"} But this policy ultimately proved counterproductive, and after a few years, the ICL leadership quietly shelved it, and once again accepted our money, contributed to an IBT defense campaign, and generally opted for a more political approach. We have had two organized debates with the ICL (one in New Zealand in 1994 and one in Canada in 1999) and have occasionally cooperated on issues of common interest: the IBT endorsed the SLs 1999 anti-Nazi demonstration in New York City, and last year ICL comrades in Toronto participated in a united front for Mumia Abu-Jamal that we initiated.
WVs absurd suggestion that our leaflet of congratulations for not attempting to defend Robertsons piggish comment somehow set the SL up for persecution by "the goons and censors of the [British] SWP" in London is refuted by the fact that our comrades on the spot vigorously opposed the Cliffites exclusion policy and defended the ICL, as we have in every other case when they, or other member of the workers movement, have faced exclusion. WV also denounces us for trying to initiate discussions with members of the Communist Party of Great Britain, and for being seen talking to Al Richardson, the editor of Revolutionary History. Unlike the ICL, we do not make a principle of only talking to people we already agree with.
While the SL leaders think little of branding opponents as cultists and chauvinists, or even scabs and Nazi-lovers, they themselves are exquisitely sensitive to criticism. WV complains that displaying this particular skeleton from Robertsons closet somehow sets up the ICL for "state repression":
"Slanders against leaders of the communist movement are nothing new. They are the stock in trade of opponents of revolutionary Marxism to set up entire organizations for hostile attack and state repression. The method is: kill an organization by chopping off its head."
We will always defend the SL against false accusations, as we did recently in our 30 May letter to the League for the Revolutionary Party when they alleged "the Spartacists [have a] chauvinist position on immigrants." As for killing an organization by chopping off heads, we can only observe that Robertson has done most of that himself in the ICL, which is why no one, including the future members of the IBT, was bold enough to denounce his "Turds" remark when he made it.
There is something comical about WV pretending to be so indignant that we dare cite an instance of the SLs leader indulging in "self-satisfied great-power chauvinism," the very charge originally tossed at us. The only difference is that we had some proof. If making such an allegation were, in itself, a set-up for repression, as WV now alleges, why did the SL make it in the first place? Our letter stung because it is true, and, as Robertson can attest, the truth can hurt.
There is a profound contradiction between the ICLs revolutionary facade and its actual political record. Serious youth attracted to the hard-edged, Marxist-sounding line in the press are often surprised when they learn of the groups record of wild swings between craven opportunism and absurd sectarianism. Spartacus Youth members are also frequently disturbed by the apolitical hysterics which many long-term residents of "Jimstown" use to avoid serious political discussion with opponents. The better ICL members also feel uncomfortable about the groups tendency to produce polemics full of exaggerations and distortions, and, sometimes, outright fabrications.
The ICL tops have a dilemmaapplying too much pressure risks losing talented young recruits before they are assimilated, but attempting to win them politically, particularly if they have been exposed to our critique, makes it necessary to justify positions that are obviously wrong. For example, today even the most mindless SL hacks have trouble rationalizing their infallible leaders 1982 decision to name an SL contingent after Yuri Andropov, the Stalinist butcher of the 1956 Hungarian workers political revolution. (See Trotskyist Bulletin No. 1: Only Trotskyism Can Defend the Gains of October) The adulation of Andropov, in turn, obviously conflicts with the ICLs refusal to militarily side with the Stalinist conservatives in the August 1991 showdown with Boris Yeltsin and the forces of capitalist counterrevolution. (See 1917 No. 11: "Soviet Rubicon & the Left" )
And then there was the SLs absurd refusal to attend, or even sell papers, at the massive 1999 Seattle demonstration that WV denounced in advance as a festival of chauvinism, racism and counterrevolution. (See 1917 No. 22: "Seattle & the Left") The SL leaderships 2001 announcement that it was not calling for the military defeat of the U.S. aggressors in Afghanistan (See 1917 No. 24: "Where is the ICL Going?") also created enormous confusion among younger members of the group. (Regrettably most of the older ones are too depoliticized and cynical to worry about such things.) As we noted in our 12 June letter, the flinch on Afghanistan paralleled the earlier social-patriotic call by the SL to save U.S. Marines in the Middle East and its solicitousness for the Reaganite Star Warriors aboard the ill-fated Challenger mission. (See Trotskyist Bulletin No.2: Marxism vs. Social Patriotism and 1917 No. 2: "Challenger: No Disaster for the Working Class"
The threats and bluster WV employs to defend the inexcusable publicly, will inevitably be accompanied by increased bullying and administrative pressure internally. While the public humiliation of the WV staffers signals that Robertson can still get his way, the very fact that his hand-picked successors and obedient scribes thought they might get away with putting one over on him, suggests that his grip has slipped.
Most intelligent ICL members will already have noted their leaderships inability to explain Robertsons remark, and some are doubtless aware that the new turn toward intimidation and agent-baiting is, at bottom, an attempt to avoid political debate. So what to do? As comrade Robertson himself observed in 1978, a "bad regime":
"always takes two. It takes those who are insecure, become brutal or sadistic or pretentious, little Stalins. It also takes victims. And the victimization comes, generally, out of the playing upon internal insecurities and fear."
In a 31 December 1978 postscript to his saga of "cauterizing" the Logan regime in London, Robertson posed the question of "who cauterizes the cauterizers?" It is a good question, and he provided a good answer from James P. Cannon:
"We had better hope that we create a sufficiently committed and involved communist organization so that when its founding cadre inevitably departs from the stage of revolutionary history, by revisionist default or otherwise, we have generated within our ranks a viable split, i.e., the combative, restorative forces to go forward to lead the new political generations."
Forty years ago Robertson played a critical role in preserving the thread of revolutionary continuity after the degeneration of Cannons party. Today the International Bolshevik Tendency is committed to ensuring that authentic Trotskyism survives the SLs terminal descent into political banditry.
Posted: 13 August 2003